ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COFFEE PRODUCTION IN ARGHAKHANCHI AND GULMI DISTRICTS OF NEPAL
Chandan Bhattarai, Keshav Bhusal, Dija Bhandari, Aastha Gautam, Subash Bhandari, Sharan Bhujel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Coffee is a major plantation crop grown in the hilly tracts of Nepal. This study is an attempt to assess the economic production situation of Arghakhanchi and Gulmi districts which were selected through cluster sampling technique. A total of 100 households among coffee growers, 50 each from Arghakhanchi, and Gulmi districts were sampled by using a multistage cluster sampling technique and interviewed with a pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and independent-sample t-test were used for data analysis using SPSS version 25 and MS-Excel 2013. The average area under coffee production was 0.88 ropani. The overall average coffee production was 58.11 kg/HH while the coffee production per HH among the coffee growers in Arghakhanchi and Gulmi was 51.68 kg and 64.54 kg respectively. The total cost incurred in coffee production was USD 19.16 per ropani. The share of labor in total cost was 40%. The overall average coffee yield was 75.00 kg/ropani. The average annual income per ropani from coffee was USD 38.66 which was higher for coffee growers in the Gulmi district than that of the Arghakhanchi district. The B:C ratio in the study area was 2.02 while the B:C ratio in Gulmi (2.52) was higher than that of Arghakhanchi (1.52). The contribution of coffee in total household income from agriculture was 5 percent showing is to be one of the major influencing commodities.