A REVIEW ON POULTRY POPULATION, PRODUCTION (Egg and meat) AND DISTRIBUTION IN NEPAL
Roshan Kumar Yadav, Rabindra Yadav
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Poultry farming is integral part of agriculture in Nepal which accounts about 3.5% of total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This review was done to study the population ,production (egg and meat) and distribution of poultry in Nepal. In order to meet the demand of poultry produce, the commercial poultry population has increased about more than double the last decade. The recent data of 2018/19 shows the total number of laying hens and ducks are 12.52 million and 0.19 million respectively whereas total chicks production of Broilers, Layers and kuroilers are 25-30(×106), 1.5-1.75(×106) and 2.5-3(×106) respectively with breeder stock population of 2 million birds. Likewise, the total hen egg and duck egg are 1534.68 million and 15 million respectively. Also the total chicken and duck meat is 62899 MT and 353 MT respectively. In Nepal, the national poultry flock includes chickens, ducks, pigeons and other birds that are kept in different production system. Chitwan, Kathmandu and Kaski are major districts with higher number of poultry farms followed by rural people which is under the free range system and low input. The higher number of poultry is concentrated in hill region followed by terai and mountain region. Conversely, the population of duck is higher in terai followed by hill and mountain region.