ASSESSMENT ON PESTICIDES USE AND ADOPTION OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG COMMERCIAL VEGETABLE GROWERS IN DANG AND PALPA DISTRICTS, NEPAL
Manoj Paudel, Kiran Parajuli, Rajendra Regmi
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With the introduction of hybrid and modern cultivars of crops and intensification in agriculture system, the use of pesticides in recent years have increased at an alarming rate. Switching of cropping systems from cereal crops to vegetable crops, offseason and year round production of vegetable crops has increased pesticide use in vegetables in comparison to cereal crops. Hence, a study was conducted among commercial vegetable growers of Dang and Palpa districts to knowt the knowledge of farmers regarding pesticide use and rate of adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices. Pesticide use was found more at Dang, a Terai district in comparison to Palpa, a hill district. Porous border in Terai areas and easy availability of pesticides are the main reasons. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, logit model and index score ranking method were used for the data analysis. Active ingredient of pesticide use per hectare in Dang was found to be 4.788 kg a.i.ha-1 which was higher than that of Palpa district with 663.08 gm a.i.ha-1. Rate of adoption of IPM was lower in both Dang and Palpa. There was significant relationship between technical training obtained and adoption of IPM, ꭓ2 (1, N=90) 16.982, p < 0.05. Farmers who obtained technical trainings were 15.267 more likely to adopt IPM technology in comparison to those with no technical trainings. Easy availability of chemical pesticides and lack of bio pesticides were the major constraints for the adoption of IPM.